Caledonia Mill, 1877 Caledonia Mill, ca.1910-1920
History: A Snapshot
The Caledonia Mill was built by James
Little around 1853, and was originally known as ‘Little Mills’.
With subsequent changes in ownership, the mill would later be renamed
Balmoral Mills and then the Grand River Mills when McQuarrie, Thorburn
& Munroe took ownership in the 1870s.
Thorburn & Munroe were well known as prominent millers and grain
dealers of the time, and Caledonia was considered one of the best
markets for grain in the country. At first, grinding of wheat was done
between revolving stones, and the mill was originally said to have had
“three run of stones each with its own wheel.” The introduction of
steel rolls for grinding wheat in the 1880s improved and process and
quality of the flour product.
1892, William and Hugh Scott formed the Caledonia Milling Company Ltd., a
joint stock company, with about 100 residents in the community as
shareholders. Over the years, the company was well known for its
manufacturing of fine flour and cereals that were shipped locally and
In 1929, the Caledonia
Milling Company acquired the Shirra Mills.—on the north bank of the
river—and converted it into a feed mill. The company continued
with both mills in production until 1964. All operations ceased in
1966. The Shirra Mills burnt down in 1969 leaving only the Grand
River Mills (i.e. the Caledonia Mill) still standing.
Flour sac designs from the Caledonia Milling Co., various dates
For historical time line see: Historical Time Line