The two remaining mills on the Grand River in Caledonia, ca.1960s (Shirra Mill, right and Caledonia Mill, left)
Historical and Cultural Significance
1983, the Caledonia Old Mill was granted heritage significance status
under part 4 of the Ontario Heritage Act. The mill was designated by the
Town of Haldimand as having “historical interest or value.”
Reasons for designation are given as follows:
In addition to characteristics outlined in its designation, the mill is also an important cultural resource in the community and broader area.
- It is among the first of the Caledonia industries, and thus an important vestige of the Town’s heritage, culture and past.
- It is the only mill remaining from many that used to be in Caledonia.
- It is also considered to be the best example of an operational mill still left on the Grand River, which itself, was designated a Canadian Heritage River in 1994.
- Finally, the mill is a prime example of a commercial merchant roller mill of the 1880s period, and much of its original features and some equipment still exist.
- And to top it all off, the mill contains a distinctive cupola, a decorative roof feature rarely seen in Canadian Mills of the era.